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As an environmental treaty of the United Nations, CMS provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats. CMS brings together the States through which migratory animals pass, the Range States, and lays the legal foundation for internationally coordinated conservation measures throughout a migratory range.

As the only global convention specializing in the conservation of migratory species, their habitats and migration routes, CMS complements and co-operates with a number of other international organizations, NGOs and partners in the media as well as in the corporate sector.

Migratory species threatened with extinction are listed on Appendix I of the Convention. CMS Parties strive towards strictly protecting these animals, conserving or restoring the places where they live, mitigating obstacles to migration and controlling other factors that might endanger them. Besides establishing obligations for each State joining the Convention, CMS promotes concerted action among the Range States of many of these species.

Migratory species that need or would significantly benefit from international co-operation are listed in Appendix II of the Convention. For this reason, the Convention encourages the Range States to conclude global or regional agreements.

In this respect, CMS acts as a framework Convention. The agreements may range from legally binding treaties (called Agreements) to less formal instruments, such as Memoranda of Understanding, and can be adapted to the requirements of particular regions. The development of models tailored according to the conservation needs throughout the migratory range is a unique capacity to CMS.

Access the text of the Convention on Migratory Species and the Appendices.


Titlesort descending Status Status date CMS Party number Region
European Union Party 1983 001 Europe
Fiji Party 2013 119 Oceania
Finland Party 1989 028 Europe
France Party 1990 032 Europe
French Guiana (France) Party 1990 032 South & Central America & The Caribbean
Gabon Party 2008 109 Africa
Gambia Party 2001 075 Africa
Georgia Party 2000 067 Europe
Germany Party 1984 016 Europe
Ghana Party 1988 026 Africa
Greece Party 1999 062 Europe
Grenada Non-Party South & Central America & The Caribbean
Guatemala Non-Party South & Central America & The Caribbean
Guinea Party 1993 041 Africa
Guinea-Bissau Party 1995 047 Africa
Guyana Non-Party South & Central America & The Caribbean
Haiti Non-Party South & Central America & The Caribbean
Honduras Party 2007 102 South & Central America & The Caribbean
Hungary Party 1983 001 Europe
Iceland Non-Party AM Europe


Instrument nameConvention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals
Website URL
OtherSummary of the application of CMS to Overseas Territories/Autonomous Regions of Parties and of reservations regarding species in the CMS Appendices
PDF icon Convention text (English)29.28 KB
PDF icon Texte de la Convention (français)32.24 KB
PDF icon Texto de la Convención (español)36.45 KB
PDF icon ConventionText (Arabic) نص الاتفاقية422.25 KB
PDF icon Convention Text (Chinese) 公约文本746.12 KB
PDF icon Convention Text (Russian) текст Конвенции337.12 KB
PDF icon Application of CMS to Overseas Territories/Autonomous Regions of Parties & of reservations on species in the CMS Appendices143.53 KB

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